Mar 24

Midterm, Part III: Marking Digital Copy

Part III: Copy and paste into a Word document, make changes, and then upload the corrections to your Dropbox folder (the shared folder, not your general account):

Directions: Using Track Changes, edit this section of a report. Mark the title to be set in 18 point bold Helvetica, caps and lowercase, centered. Mark the paragraphs to be set in 10- point Times, flush left, ragged right, with a one-em paragraph indention.

Defining the domain of pragmatic development

Children need to learn how to formulate their social moves through language in a form

interpretable by their interlocutors and to interpret correctly the interpersonal significance of

others verbal overtures. Pragmatics is a branch of linguistics concerned with speech use and

studies of pragmatic development are concerned with how children acquire the knowledge

necessary for the appropriate, effective, rule-governed employment of speech in interpersonal

situations. Generally like developmental psychology, questions like the following kinds are of


1. What is the age of onset of particular skills?

2. By what processes are these skills acquired by the child?

3. What factors influence the speed and order of acquisition of these skills?

4. What sorts of individual differences emerge?


Children have to learn how to use language in order to make statements, to ask questions,

to request, to greet, to refuse, and so on; the so-called illocutionary speech acts. Ninio and Snow

claim that these are manifest communicative acts for which a speaker expresses a willingness to

be held accountable that are furthermore characterised by the presence, at least some of the time,

of overt linguistic markings, such as the interrogative grammatical mood for questions.


Most studies of how children are thought to speak in pragmatically appropriate ways

include background information on the social structure and familial arrangements of the society

under the study, many provide information about social and personality development, selecting

forms of address and other such linguistic politeness rules.